WHY DO TERPENES IN HEMP MATTER?
by Cindy Trethewey
Alpha pinene is the most abundant and most studied terpene in the plant kingdom today. Terpenes themselves are the volatile oils responsible for the unique aromatic smells and pungent flavors in plants that give them their distinct characteristics. Recently, terpenes have gained popularity in the cannabis industry. And more terpenes are being studied for their potential medical benefits. Terpenes originate from mini factories called 'trichomes' that are part of the genetic structure of the unfertilized female flowers. Trichomes are the sticky resinous microscopic hair-like appendages that have a mushroom-like shape, for instance a tiny stem and a bulbous top. These trichomes extrude and grow from the outer surface of various flowers on plants. For this article, the focus is terpenes originating from the trichomes of the cannabis plant. 
Photos Courtesy Pixabay.com
Look at the referenced photograph above and pay particular attention to the purplish leaf to the right, the one that juts out. Zoom in and you will see the trichomes growing on the outer skin of the leaf. They appear like miniature mushrooms growing off of the leaf, often clear in color, later turning white or even purplish in tone as the particular strain matures.
Pinene is found more abundantly in the following plants:
*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Any medical references or articles cited are for educational purposes only.
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-  Anti-tumor effect of ?-pinene on human hepatoma cell lines through inducing G2/M cell cycle arrest. Weiqiang Chena, Ying Liu, Ming Li, Jianwen Mao, Lirong Zhang, Rongbo Huang, Xiaobao Jin, Lianbao Ye
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-  Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects. Ethan B. Russo
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