BY CINDY TRETHEWEY
There is a lot of buzz going around today about cannabis. So let's break down the meaning of the word CANNABIS. The word cannabis comprises both marijuana (THC rich) strains which causes a psychoactive component when smoked and hemp (with negligible THC content) strains which is used to make industrial products such as textiles, building materials, food, animal feed, rope, paper, fuel, clothing, and cosmetics.
Definition of Cannabis Terms:
Cannabinoid = One of 85 chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant. Some cannabinoids are more prominent than others and recently science has identified their molecular structure and is delving into studies on their possible medicinal benefits in anecdotal and preliminary medical studies. None of the findings in this article are authorized by the Food and Drug Administration. According to the United States Federal Government there are no known medicinal benefits for the cannabis plant in any variety. This is a oxymoron because 29 states plus the District of Columbia have legalized medical marijuana on the state level and 9 states plus the District of Columbia have legalized recreational marijuana. The question I get asked a lot is, can doctors in the US prescribe medical marijuana to patients who need it in legalized marijuana states? Technically NO! A doctor can only recommend marijuana as a possible treatment for a patient which differs from a doctor's prescription. It is against federal law for a doctor in any US state to actually prescribe marijuana as a drug for the treatment of any condition or disease.
To delve deeper into the chemical composition of cannabis (both marijuana and hemp) we need to define the meanings of each cannabinoid in cannabis and briefly describe what could be some of the possible medicinal benefits for each compound. These are not statements point to any cures at all. These are only statements made by researchers in possible preliminary findings and they are not endorsed by the FDA. However the FDA has made a public statement a few days ago rendering CBD to be beneficial to the human body without specifics.
The Most Prominent Cannabinoids in Cannabis and Their Possible Uses Are:
THC (Tetrahyrdocannabinol) - The only cannabinoid with overt psychoactive functions when heated and ingested or smoked. THC relieves pain, reduces vomiting and nausea, stimulates appetite, and suppresses muscle spasms. THC in large doses or in isolation can create an anxiety effect.
CBD (Cannabidiol) - Anti-bacterial, inhibits cancer cell growth, neuroprotective, promotes bone growth, reduces seizures and convulsions, reduce blood sugar levels, reduces inflammation, reduced risk of artery blockage, reduces small intestines contraction, reduces vomiting and nausea, relieves pain, relieves anxiety, relieves depression, and suppresses muscle spasms. CBD provides energy in lower doses and induces sleep in larger doses.
CBG (Cannabigerol) - Slows bacterial growth, reduces inflammation, and inhibits cell growth of tumors and cancer cells and promotes bone growth.
CBC (Cannabichromene) - Inhibits cancer growth, reduces inflammation, reduces pain.
CBN (Cannabinol) - The cannabinoid can make you sleepy and is slightly psychoactive. Topical uses also have shown promise in treating burns, as an anti-bacterial and psoriasis. If the cannabis containing CBN is exposed to the air, the THC will begin to degrade and convert to CBN. Generally speaking there is very little CBN in the fresh leaf cannabis unless this degradation takes place. CBN is a great compound to fight insomnia.
There are 68 known cannabinoids in cannabis that work together with another 420 chemical compounds such as terpenes, enzymes, flavonoids, proteins, sugars, fatty acids, sugars, esters, amino acids, proteins, vitamins and minerals. And it is this complexity that gives cannabis it's potential medical values. The famous cannabis researcher Raphael Mechoulam who discovered the THC compound also coined the term "Entourage Effect." This "Entourage Effect" is the theory that the whole plant extract is more beneficial to the body than extracted components in isolate form. When the compounds are intact in the plant the way nature intended the components play off of each for instance, various components of the plant are better absorbed with minimum side effects.
Cannabis Comes in 3 Varieties Which Can Be Considered Marijuana (with THC) or Hemp (Low THC):
Industrial Hemp: This is the variety of cannabis with the most uses, up until 1937 and the institution of that Marhijuana Tax Act, hemp was used for about 10,000 products: food, clothes, fuel, sails for boats, canvas, textiles, biodegradable plastic, animal feed and building supplies (as pointed out earlier in this article). Hemp is of the Sativa variety.
Cynthia Trethewey is a Entrepreneur, writer, full-time Network Marketer and Blogger.
Cindy's blog is summed up as being: "health and wellness driven with a flair for financial freedom."
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